ProVeg condemns French Government’s Decree banning “meaty” plant-based food names

France’s ban on “meaty” names panders to the meat industry at the expense of the planet, human health, and future French industry

Image: / Syda Productions

Food awareness organization, ProVeg International, has described the French government’s Decree restricting the labeling of plant-based foods as a “very disappointing and backward” move. 

The Decree, announced on Tuesday, 27 February 2024, prohibits the use of “meaty” names for plant-based alternatives to meat products. The Decree bans 21 words, including “cutlet, “steak,” “escalope,” and “ham.” Violators of the law face fines of up to €7,500 for companies and €1,500 for individuals.1

The Decree is based on a 2020 law, the enforcement of which was suspended in June 2022 following a complaint from Proteines France, a consortium of French companies selling plant-based food. The law also faced international criticism and is currently before the European Court of Justice for potentially violating consumer rights and European Union market regulations.2

“This is a hugely disappointing and backward development. This Decree is predicated on claims that the inclusion of ‘meaty’ terms on plant-based foods confuses consumers. The opposite is true. There’s a growing demand for plant-based alternatives, where consumers are increasingly seeking out plant-based options for health, environmental, and ethical reasons. Consumers deserve transparent and informative labeling that empowers them to make informed decisions about the foods they buy, without needing to decipher unfamiliar, newly made-up product names,” Jasmijn de Boo, Global CEO, ProVeg International, said.

By passing the Decree, the government is disregarding evolving consumer preferences and the rapidly expanding alternative protein market. Through contradictory laws and enforcement mechanisms, the French government is placing French companies at a huge disadvantage in a rapidly growing industry. By 2035, alternative proteins are projected to make up 11-22% of the protein market, with a $290 billion market valuation.3 4

“The French government should follow the example already set by neighboring countries, like Germany and Denmark, by investing in growing the plant-based industry,” continued de Boo.

“Leading scientific bodies, such as the UN’s Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), have already made it crystal clear that we must promote the shift to more plant-based diets if we are to have a chance of staying within the internationally agreed 1.5 degree temperature target set in Paris in 2015. The Government should be encouraging the consumption of healthy, climate-friendly food as people across Europe continue to decrease their meat consumption,” de Boo concluded.


Notes to Editors

For media inquiries, email Jillian LaBruzzo or Peter Rixon at [email protected]


“Décret N° 2024-144 Du 26 Février 2024 Relatif à l’Utilisation de Certaines Dénominations Employées Pour Désigner Des Denrées Comportant Des Protéines Végétales – Légifrance.” 2024. 2024.

2 “France Raises ‘Meaty’ Plant-Based Food Labeling Case to European Court of Justice”, Food Ingredients First (7 August 2023).

Money, Alex, Sanjana Srivastav, and Katherine Collett. 2022. “The New Protein Economy: Policy Directions.”

4 “Food for Thought: The Protein Transformation”, BCG Global (18 March 2021).

About ProVeg International

ProVeg International is a food awareness organization with the mission to replace 50% of animal products globally with plant-based and cultivated foods by 2040. Our vision is a world where everyone chooses delicious and healthy food that is good for all humans, animals, and our planet.

Latest updates and news

7 best vegan restaurants to visit in Budapest in 2024

Budapest, the capital city of Hungary, is such a great place to live for many reasons, not…

7 best vegan restaurants to visit in Amsterdam in 2024

As the capital of one of the world’s most progressive and eco-friendly countries, Amsterdam…

Our Senior Digital Communications Manager Eileen eating vegan food in Berlin

7 best vegan restaurants to visit in Berlin in 2024

Berlin is often referred to as the world’s vegan capital, and rightly so! The city has an abundance…

Gain insights and explore the latest nutrition, climate, … news.

Subscribe now to receive…

  • Nutrition advice & plant-based recipes.
  • Updates on our work and projects.
  • And information on how you can support what we do.

Subscribe to the ProVeg Living Newsletter